Login or Register to make a submission.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


Instructions for authors

COVID-19 impact on peer review

As a result of the significant disruption that is being caused by the COVID-19 pandemic we understand that many authors and peer reviewers will be making adjustments to their professional and personal activities. As a result they may have difficulty in meeting the timelines associated with the peer review process. Please let the journal editorial office know if you need additional time. We will continue to remind you of the original timelines but we intend to be flexible.

Thank you for choosing to submit your paper to us. These instructions will ensure you have everything required to move your paper through peer review, production and publication. Please take the time to read and follow them as closely as possible, as doing so will ensure your paper matches the journal’s requirements.


About the Journal

Article Publishing Charge

Peer Review and Ethics

Preparing Your Paper


Word Limits

Format-Free Submissions

Using Third-Party Material

Submitting Your Paper

Data Sharing Policy

Publication Charges

Copyright Options

Complying with Funding Agencies

My Authored Works

Articles Reprints


About the Journal            

The Journal of Latinamerican Sciences and Culture (JLASC) is an Open Access international, peer-reviewed journal publishing high-quality, original research. Please see the journal's Aims and scope for information about its focus and peer-review policy.

Open Access means you can publish your research so it is free to access online as soon as it is published, meaning anyone can read (and cite) your work. Many funders mandate publishing your research open access.

Please note that this journal publishes manuscripts in English and Spanish. Yet the journal welcomes Chinese translations of the English and Spanish Version or Record (VoR) and viceversa.

The Journal of Latinamerican Sciences and Culture accepts the following types of article: Original Articles, Literature Reviews, Review Articles, Book Reviews, News, Comments, Opinions, Podcasts, Letters.


Article Publishing Charge

The standard article publishing charge (APC) for this journal is: US$600/£460/€530. Depending on your location, these charges may be subject to local taxes.

Those submissions deemed by the Editor-in-Chief and the Senior Editorial Team to be of the world class-quality will be published regardless of authors’ ability to pay the Article Publication Charges (APCs). Waivers for APCs can be requested by all authors regardless of background and will be appraised by the Publisher and the Editors based on individual circumstances and the ability to pay. Those who are truly unable to afford the APCs will receive full waivers. This includes many Latinamericans, as well as graduate students, independent researchers, and researchers from around the globe who do not have grants or other funds for publication costs.


Peer Review and Ethics

The Universidad Privada del Valle is committed to peer-review integrity and upholding the highest standards of review. Once your paper has been assessed for suitability by the editor, it will then be double blind peer reviewed by independent, anonymous expert referees.


Preparing Your Paper


Your paper should be compiled in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion; acknowledgments; declaration of interest statement; references; appendices (as appropriate); table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages); figures; figure captions (as a list).


Word Limits

A typical Original Article for this journal should be no more than 7000 words, inclusive of the abstracts, tables, references, figure captions, endnotes.

A Literature Review article is an original research manuscript that traces the history of a particular issue, in the context of several recent (and older) books on the topic. It can be up to 7000 words, or considerably shorter. It will be peer reviewed. The books and articles mentioned in the Review may be in any language.

A typical Review Article for this journal should be no more than 7000 words, inclusive of the abstracts, tables, references, figure captions, endnotes.

A typical Book Review for this journal should cover 2 to 4 books at 350 words per book; this limit includes references, endnotes.


Format-Free Submission

Manuscripts may be supplied as single or multiple files. These can be Word, rich text format (rtf), open document format (odt), or PDF files. Figures and tables can be placed within the text or submitted as separate documents. Figures should be of sufficient resolution to enable refereeing.

Checklist: What to Include


  1. Author details. All authors of a manuscript should include their full name and affiliation on the cover page of the manuscript. Authors are invited to hyphenate their last names to ensure appropriate alphabetical listings in citations of the article. Authors are also invited to hyphenate the last names of all authors in notes and references to maximize their future accurate citation. Where available, please also include ORCiDs. One author will need to be identified as the corresponding author, with their email address normally displayed in the article PDF (depending on the journal) and the online article. Authors’ affiliations are the affiliations where the research was conducted. If any of the named co-authors moves affiliation during the peer-review process, the new affiliation can be given as a footnote. Please note that no changes to affiliation can be made after your paper is accepted.


  1. An unstructured abstract of no more than 200 words, in English, Spanish or Chinese.


  1. You can opt to include a video abstract with your article. More details you can find in


  1. Between 3 and 5 keywords.


  1. Funding details. Please supply all details required by your funding and grant-awarding bodies as follows:

For single agency grants

This work was supported by the [Funding Agency] under Grant [number xxxx].

For multiple agency grants

This work was supported by the [Funding Agency #1] under Grant [number xxxx]; [Funding     Agency #2] under Grant [number xxxx]; and [Funding Agency #3] under Grant [number      xxxx].


  1. Disclosure statement. This is to acknowledge any financial interest or benefit that has arisen from the direct applications of your research. 


  1. Biographical note. Please supply a short biographical note for each author. This could be adapted from your departmental website or academic networking profile and should be relatively brief (e.g. no more than 200 words).


  1. Data availability statement. If there is a data set associated with the paper, please provide information about where the data supporting the results or analyses presented in the paper can be found. Where applicable, this should include the hyperlink, DOI or other persistent identifier associated with the data set(s).


  1. Data deposition. If you choose to share or make the data underlying the study open, please deposit your data in a recognized data repository prior to or at the time of submission. You will be asked to provide the DOI, pre-reserved DOI, or other persistent identifier for the data set. See more information in


  1. Supplemental online material. Supplemental material can be a video, dataset, fileset, sound file, Spanish and Portuguese translations, or anything which supports (and is pertinent to) your paper. We publish supplemental material online via Figshare. Find out more information in


  1. Figures should be high quality (1200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale and 300 dpi for colour, at the correct size). Figures should be supplied in one of our preferred file formats: EPS, PS, JPEG, TIFF, or Microsoft Word (DOC or DOCX) files are acceptable for figures that have been drawn in Word. For information relating to other file types, please consult our Submission of electronic artwork document. Find out more information in


  1. Tables should present new information rather than duplicating what is in the text. Readers should be able to interpret the table without reference to the text. Please supply editable files.


  1. If you are submitting your manuscript as a Word document, please ensure that equations are editable. More information about mathematical symbols and equations. Find out more information in


  1. Please use SI units (non-italicized). (Find out more information in


Using Third-Party Material in your Paper

You must obtain the necessary permission to reuse third-party material in your article. The use of short extracts of text and some other types of material is usually permitted, on a limited basis, for the purposes of criticism and review without securing formal permission. If you wish to include any material in your paper for which you do not hold copyright, and which is not covered by this informal agreement, you will need to obtain written permission from the copyright owner prior to submission.


Submitting Your Paper

This journal uses Editorial Manager to manage the peer-review process. If you haven't submitted a paper to this journal before, you will need to create an account in XXXXXX.

Please note that Journal of Latinamerican Sciences and Culture uses Crossref™ to screen papers for unoriginal material. By submitting your paper to Journal of Latinamerican Sciences and Culture you are agreeing to originality checks during the peer-review and production processes.

On acceptance, we recommend that you keep a copy of your Accepted Manuscript.

Whilst there are APCs, there are no submission fees or page charges for this journal.

Color figures will be reproduced in color in your online article free of charge.


Data Sharing Policy

Authors are encouraged to share or make open the data supporting the results or analyses presented in their paper where this does not violate the protection of human subjects or other valid privacy or security concerns.

Authors are encouraged to deposit the dataset(s) in a recognized data repository that can mint a persistent digital identifier, preferably a digital object identifier (DOI) and recognizes a long-term preservation plan.

At the point of submission, you will be asked if there is a data set associated with the paper. If you reply yes, you will be asked to provide the DOI, pre-registered DOI, hyperlink, or other persistent identifier associated with the data set(s). If you have selected to provide a pre-registered DOI, please be prepared to share the reviewer URL associated with your data deposit, upon request by reviewers.

Where one or multiple data sets are associated with a manuscript, these are not formally peer reviewed as a part of the journal submission process. It is the author’s responsibility to ensure the soundness of data. Any errors in the data rest solely with the producers of the data set(s).


Copyright Options

Copyright allows you to protect your original material, and stop others from using your work without your permission. Universidad del Valle offers a number of different license and reuse options, including Creative Commons licenses when publishing open access. All the translation versions are protected by the copyright of either of your VoRs.  


Complying with Funding Agencies

We will deposit all papers into Universidad Privada del Valle Data Center on behalf of authors, meeting the requirements of their respective open access policies. If this applies to you, please tell our production team when you receive your article proofs, so we can do this for you.


My Authored Works

On publication, you will be able to view, download and check your article’s metrics (downloads, citations and Altmetric data). This is where you can access every article you have published with us, so you can quickly and easily share your work with friends and colleagues. We are committed to promoting and increasing the visibility of your article.


Article Reprints

You will be sent a link to order article reprints via your account in our production system. For enquiries about reprints, please contact the Universidad del Valle Author Services team at



Should you have any queries, please send us a message to


Brief welcome and introducing notes about the Journal contents.


Política de sección por defecto

Privacy Statement

Editorial Policies

About this topic

The following policies apply to the Journal of Latinamerican Sciences and Culture. Where the journal is hosted at Universidad Privada del Valle on behalf the Andean Road Countries for Sciences and Technology. Please read these policies in full before submitting your article, to ensure you’ve correctly followed all the requirements.



You and your co-authors must list all relevant affiliations to attribute where the research or scholarly work was approved and/or supported and/or conducted. For non-research articles, you must list your current institutional affiliation. If you have moved to a different institution before the article has been published, you should list the affiliation where the work was conducted, and include a note to state your current affiliation. If you do not have a current relevant institutional affiliation you should state your independent status.


Appeals and complaints

The Journal of Latinamerican Sciences and Culture follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines on appeals to journal editor decisions and complaints about a journal’s editorial management of the peer review process. We welcome genuine appeals to editor decisions. However, you will need to provide strong evidence or new data/information in response to the editor’s and reviewers’ comments. Where you, as an author, wish to comment on aspects of the journal’s editorial management please contact us at:



Listing authors’ names on an article is an important mechanism to give credit to those who have significantly contributed to the work. It also ensures transparency for those who are responsible for the integrity of the content. Authors listed on an article must meet all of the following criteria:

Made a significant contribution to the work reported, whether that’s in the conception, study      design, execution, acquisition of data, analysis and interpretation, or in all these areas.

Have drafted or written, or substantially revised or critically reviewed the article.

Have agreed on the journal to which the article will be submitted.

Reviewed and agreed on all versions of the article before submission, during revision, the f       inal version accepted for publication, and any significant changes introduced at the proofing             stage.

Agree to take responsibility and be accountable for the contents of the article and to share         responsibility to resolve any questions raised about the accuracy or integrity of the published           work.


The journal editor will not decide on order of authorship and cannot arbitrate authorship disputes. Where unresolved disputes between the authors arise, the institution(s) where the work was performed will be asked to investigate.


Consider details such as:

Corresponding authors

Changes in authorship

Assistance from scientific, medical, technical writers or translators

Assistance with experiments and data analysis


Author name change policy



Research and non-research articles must cite relevant, timely, and verified literature (peer-reviewed, where appropriate) to support any claims made in the article. You must avoid excessive and inappropriate self-citation or prearrangements among author groups to inappropriately cite each other’s work, as this can be considered a form of misconduct called citation manipulation. If you’re the author of a non-research article (e.g. a Review, Opinion, etc) you should ensure the references you cite are relevant and provide a fair and balanced overview of the current state of research or scholarly work on the topic. Your references should not be unfairly biased towards a particular research group, organization or journal. If you are unsure about whether to cite a source you should contact the journal editorial office for advice.


Competing interests

You and all of your co-authors must declare any competing interests relevant to, or which can be perceived to be relevant to the article. A competing interest can occur where you (or your employer, sponsor or family/friends) have a financial, commercial, legal, or professional relationship with other organizations, or with the people working with them which could influence the research or interpretation of the results. Competing interests can be financial or non-financial in nature. To ensure transparency, you must also declare any associations which can be perceived by others as a competing interest.


Corrections, expressions of concern, and retractions

Sometimes after an article has been published it may be necessary to make a change to the Version of Record (VoR). This will be done after careful consideration by the Editor who is also supported by Universidad Privada del Valle and the Andean Road Countries for Science and Technology to ensure any necessary changes are done in accordance with guidance from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Any necessary changes will be accompanied with a post-publication notice which will be permanently linked to the original article. This can be in the form of a Correction notice, an Expression of Concern, a Retraction and in rare circumstances a Removal. The purpose of this mechanism of making changes which are permanent and transparent is to ensure the integrity of the scholarly record. Read our full policy on corrections, retractions, and updates to published articles.


Data availability and deposition

Universidad Privada del Valle supports a number of open data initiatives and offers a suite of data-sharing policies. Contact us at:


Data repositories

A data repository is a storage space for researchers to deposit data sets associated with their research. And if you’re an author seeking to comply with a journal data sharing policy, you’ll need to identify a suitable repository for your data. Read our guide to choosing a data repository which includes some generalist repositories you may wish to consider in


Community-endorsed public repositories

Where community-endorsed mandates exist for submission of data to public repositories, authors should submit the datasets to the appropriate repositories and provide the accession numbers (where available) in the paper. Examples of repositories community-endorsed public repositories include:

Data type                                                                                Suggested repositories 

DNA and RNA sequences                                              Genbank          

DNA and RNA sequences                                              EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Database (ENA)      

Gene expression                                                            Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO)          

Gene expression                                                            ArrayExpress    

Genetic polymorphisms                                                 dbSNP NCBI    

Genetic polymorphisms                                                 dbVar NCBI     

Genetic polymorphisms  European Variation Archive (EVA)         

Linked genotype and phenotype data                    dbGAP NCBI   

Linked genotype and phenotype data                    European Genome-Phenome Archive (EGA)       

Protein sequences                                                                      Uniprot

Proteomics data                                                            PRIDE 

Proteomics data                                                            PeptideAtlas     

Metabolomics data                                                                    Metabolomics Workbench         

3-D printable models                                                     NIH 3D Print Exchange 

Neuroimaging data                                                                    OpenNeuro      

Neuroimaging data                                                                    NeuroVault      

Macromolecular structures                                             Biological Magnetic Resonance Data Bank (BMRB)

Macromolecular structures                                             Electron Microscopy Data Resource (EMDB)      

Macromolecular structures                                             Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB) 

Macromolecular structures                                             RCSB Protein Data Bank (PDB) 

Crystallographic data                                                     Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC)

Crystallographic data                                                     Crystallography Open Database (COD)   

Earth and environmental science data                   PANGAEA      

Earth and environmental science data                   NERC Data Centres      

Earth and environmental science data                   World Data Center for Climate (WDCC) 

Earth and environmental science data                   Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity (KNB)   

Earth and environmental science data                   EarthChem       

High Energy Physics Data                                             HEPData          

Archaeology Data                                                                     Archaeology Data Service (ADS)

Paleontology Data                                                                     Paleobiology Database   

Humanities outputs                                                                   CORE (Humanities Commons)  


 Custom computer codes, software tools, and mathematical algorithms

To enable full assessment of submissions, you must make available on request to Editors and/or reviewers any custom computer codes, software tools, or algorithms which have been used to generate the results and conclusions that are reported in your manuscript.


Designations of territories

Universidad Privada del Valle respects its authors’ decisions regarding the designations of territories in its published material. Universidad Privada del Valle’ policy is to take a neutral stance in relation to territorial disputes or jurisdictional claims in its published content, including in maps and institutional affiliations. Where a journal is owned by and published on behalf of the Andean Road Countries for Science and Technology, Universidad Privada del Valle will take into account that Andean Road Countries for Science and Technology’s policy on this issue to the extent it differs from Universidad Privada del Valle’s own.


Editor Code of Conduct

Universidad Privada del Valle Group’s journal program provides a home for validated, trusted research from the world’s brightest and best minds. The editor of a journal plays a vital role in advancing knowledge within fields of research. They do this by:

Maintaining and improving the quality of work the journal publishes and the integrity of its       peer review process,

Supporting the journal’s authors and reviewers,

Maintaining and improving the journal’s reputation in collaboration with the journal’s wider      editorial team and Universidad Privada del Valle.


To support this role, our Editor Code of Conduct sets out the minimum standards for all editors who have responsibility for decisions on journal content to help ensure our journals publish quality, trustworthy content.



Universidad Privada del Valle will not tolerate any kind of harassment of our authors, editors, reviewers, staff, or vendors. We expect to work in an environment of mutual respect and will work with the Universidad Privada del Valle ethics team and legal team to deal with any cases of harassment. Advice for researchers experiencing harassment: As a researcher, you should expect your work to be scrutinized by the public, policy makers, and campaigners. However, some researchers working on high-profile subjects that attract controversy have also found themselves targeted with online harassment. To help researchers dealing with these issues, Universidad Privada del Valle has supported the Science Media Centre in producing an updated guide, including tips on how to deal with social media harassment.


Images and figures

You should only use images and figures in your article if they are relevant and valuable to the work reported. Please refrain from adding content of this type which is purely illustrative and does not add value to the scholarly work.


Using third party material

As a warranty in the Journal Author Publishing Agreement you make with us, you must obtain the necessary written permission to include material in your article that is owned and held in copyright by a third party, including – but not limited to – any proprietary text, illustration, table, or other material, including data, audio, video, film stills, screenshots, musical notation, and any supplemental material.


Obtaining permission to publish identifiable or protected content

Content (e.g. photographs, video or audio recordings, 3D models, illustrations, etc) which can reveal the identity of patients, study participants or study subjects can only be included if they (or parents/guardians if they are underage or considered unable to provide informed consent, or their next of kin if participants are deceased) have provided Consent to Publish. If any of this type of content has been obtained from communities where additional permissions are required (e.g. an Elder or community leader in an indigenous community), or from a protected source (e.g. museum collections), then authors must obtain the required permissions for use prior to submission of the manuscript. These include specific considerations for arts, humanities, and social sciences research, relating to cultural sensitivities or restrictions associated with any images included. There are also specific considerations for science, technology, and medicine, including detailing any image modifications and our policies on inappropriate image manipulation.



Universidad Privada del Valle takes all forms of misconduct seriously and will take all necessary action, in accordance with COPE guidelines, to protect the integrity of the scholarly record.

Examples of misconduct include (but are not limited to):

Affiliation misrepresentation

Breaches in copyright/use of third-party material without appropriate permissions

Citation manipulation

Duplicate submission/publication

“Ethics dumping”

Image or data manipulation/fabrication

Peer review manipulation



Undisclosed competing interests

Unethical research


Peer review

Articles published in Universidad Privada del Valle journals (including its imprints) undergo thorough peer review and the Journal of Latinamerican Sciences and Culture endorses COPE guidelines for reviewers.


Journals may operate different peer review processes. Our guide to understanding peer review outlines several different peer review models, including:

Single-anonymous peer review (also called ‘single-blind peer review’)

Double-anonymous peer review (also called ‘double-blind peer review’)

Open peer review


Registered Reports

Every Universidad Privada del Valle journal publishes a statement describing the model of peer review used by the journal within the journal homepage. Generally, comments from a minimum of two independent experts are required to ensure complete assessment of the article.


The details of the comments as well as the overall recommendations by peer reviewers will be considered by the Editor when making a decision, but ultimate responsibility for acceptance or rejection lies with the Editor. In accordance with COPE recommendations on ethical editing for new Editors, Editors will assign any submissions they cannot handle (e.g. if they are the author of an article submitted to their own journal) to a member of the Editorial Board or a guest editor. The majority of journals at Universidad Privada del Valle do not permit you to recommend peer reviewers. If you wish to suggest potential reviewers this information can be included in the covering letter, but it is at the discretion of the Editors to consider these reviewers or not. Providing any false information about potential reviewers may lead to rejection of the article.


Confidentiality of peer review

It is a requirement to maintain confidentiality and integrity of the peer review and editorial decision-making process at all stages, complying with data protection regulations (including GDPR). The invited reviewer should declare any competing interest before submitting their report to the journal. If they wish to involve a colleague as a co-reviewer for an article, they should ask the journal editorial office before sharing the manuscript and include their names, affiliation and any relevant competing interests in the comments for Editors when they return their report. In the process of investigating an ethical query, the submitted manuscript, author, reviewer, and any other person (including whistleblowers) involved will be treated in confidence. During an investigation it may be necessary for the Editor to share information with third parties, such as the ethics committee and/or the authors’ institution.



Trust and integrity are among what readers value the most in scholarly peer-reviewed journal content. That’s why the Journal of Latinamerican Sciences and Culture takes the issue of plagiarism very seriously. The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) defines plagiarism as: “When somebody presents the work of others (data, words or theories) as if they were his/her own and without proper acknowledgment.” For Universidad Privada del Valle, this applies to data, images, words or ideas taken from any materials in electronic or print formats without sufficient attribution. The use of any such material either directly or indirectly should be properly acknowledged in all instances. You should always cite your source.


Preprints, preprint servers, and early reporting of scholarly work

We support the need for authors to share early versions of their work before peer review publication. There are also a number of options for Universidad Privada del Valle authors to share the final Version of Record of their published article.


Preprints and preprint servers

A preprint, also known as the Author’s Original Manuscript (AOM), is your article before you have submitted it to a journal for peer review. Preprint servers are online repositories which enable you to post this early version of your research paper online. If you upload your AOM to a non-commercial preprint server, you can subsequently submit the manuscript to a University Privada del Valle journal. We do not consider posting on a preprint server to be duplicate publication and this will not jeopardize consideration for publication. If you’ve posted your AOM to a preprint server, we ask that, upon acceptance, you acknowledge that the article has been accepted for publication as follows: “This article has been accepted for publication in [JOURNAL TITLE], published by Universidad Privada del Valle.”


After publication please update your preprint, adding the following text to encourage others to read and cite the final published version of your article (the “Version of Record”): “This is an original manuscript of an article published by Universidad Privada del Valle in [JOURNAL TITLE] on [date of publication], available online: http://XXXXX/[Article DOI].”


Sharing your published article

If you’ve published in Universidad Privada del Valle journal, there are many ways you can share different versions of your article with colleagues and peers.


Research ethics and consent

All research published in Universidad Privada del Valle journals must have been conducted according to international and local guidelines ensuring ethically conducted research.


Research involving humans

All research studies on humans (individuals, samples or data) must have been performed in accordance with the principles stated in the Declaration of Helsinki.

Prior to starting the study, ethical approval must have been obtained for all protocols from the local institutional review board (IRB) or other appropriate ethics committee to confirm the study meets national and international guidelines for research on humans. A statement to confirm this must be included within the manuscript, which must provide details of the name of the ethics committee and reference/permit numbers where available.

This includes:

Prospective studies on humans

Clinical trials

Clinical Case reports

Organ or tissue transplants

Human embryos and human stem cells

Consent for research involving children, adolescents and vulnerable or incapacitated study            participants

Retrospective studies

Survey studies

Covert observational research

Research on indigenous communities

Communication research

Social media research


Participant/patient privacy and informed consent

Universidad Privada del Valle endorses the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which emphasizes that patients and study participants have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. In accordance with the principles outlined in the Nuremberg Code, the Belmont Report, and the American Anthropological Association, informed consent must be voluntarily obtained from the participant who should be fully informed of the study including any of the benefits and risks involved.


Research involving animals, plants, and heritage sites

Studies involving vertebrates or regulated invertebrates (e.g. cephalopods), field studies and other non-experimental research on animals must have been carried out after obtaining approval from the relevant institutional ethics committee or the institutional animal use and care committee. Research procedures must be carried out in accordance with applicable national or international guidelines. In field studies authors must have also obtained any necessary permits for access to lands. Authors must include a statement within the manuscript to provide details of the name of the ethics committee(s) which approved the study and include the permit or animal license numbers where available.


Biosafety, biosecurity, and emerging biotechnology

Universidad Privada del Valle journals will only consider research which has been carried out in compliance with institutional biosafety and biosecurity policies, which in turn should be informed by national or international recommendations.


Standards of reporting

Research should be communicated in a way that supports verification and reproducibility, and as such we encourage authors to provide comprehensive descriptions of their research rationale, protocol, methodology, and analysis. To aid authors in this, a number of study-design specific consensus-based reporting guidelines have been developed, and we recommend you to use these as guidance prior to submitting your manuscript. A comprehensive list of reporting guidelines for medicine and health research can be accessed via the EQUATOR network website, and for biosciences research via the MIBBI Foundry portal.


Use of third -party material

You must obtain the necessary permission to reuse third-party material in your article. These materials may include – but are not limited to – text, illustration, photographs, tables, data, audio, video, film stills, screenshots, or musical notation. The use of short extracts of text and some other types of material is usually permitted, on a limited basis, for the purposes of criticism and review without securing formal permission. If you wish to include any material in your paper for which you do not hold copyright, and which is not covered by this informal agreement, you will need to obtain written permission from the copyright owner prior to submission.